Cara Install MariaDB di Ubuntu dan Debian Server

Selasa, 31 Juli 2018

Cara Install MariaDB di Ubuntu dan Debian -  Kali ini saya akan sharing bagaimana cara install MariaDB di Ubuntu maupun Debian. Secara default MariaDB memang sudah ada di repository Ubutnu maupun Debian, serta kebanyakan distro linux memang sekarang sudah menyediakan MariaDB di repository mereka.


Oke pertama kita install mariadb server serta client. Sebelumnya jangan lupa update paket yang ada di repository agar kita mendapatkan paket mariadb yang terbaru.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client
MariaDB menggunakan unix_socket plugins untuk autentifikasi. Meski kalian menjalankan mysql_secure_installation jika plugins ini masih di enable maka password untuk user root akan diabaikan. Alhasil, aplikasi yang membutuhkan hak akses root database tidak akan bisa berjalan. Sebenarnya tujuannya bagus. Agar pengguna tidak sembarangan menggunakan akun root untuk koneksi database. Tapi jika kalian membutuhkan akun root, berikut caranya.
sudo mysql
Kalian akan masuk tanpa password. Selanjutnya jalankan perintah berikut:
use mysql;
update user set plugin='' where User='root';
flush privileges;
exit
Selanjutnya jalankan perintah dibawah ini untuk setting root password, menghapus database test, serta menghapus anonymous users.
sudo mysql_secure_installation
Contoh output:

zero-two@linuxsec:~$ sudo mysql_secure_installation
[sudo] password for zero-two: 

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): 
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'.

Change the root password? [Y/n] y
New password: 
Re-enter new password: 
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!


By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!
Selanjutnya kita coba login ke mysql menggunakan password yang kita buat sebelumnya.
zero-two@linuxsec:~$ sudo mysql -u root -p
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 52
Server version: 10.1.29-MariaDB-6 Ubuntu 18.04

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> 
Mudah bukan? Sekian tutorial kali ini, jangan lupa share, dan jika ada yang kurang jelas silahkan komentar.

Artikel Terkait Database ,MariaDB ,Server